Phymatous rosacea is the third of the four subtypes of rosacea. In Phymatous rosacea a person may have thickening of the skin, and enlargement or irregular surface nodularities. When these conditions occur on the nose, it is often called rhinophyma. The nose is the most common area usually affected among those suffering with phymatous rosacea but other parts of the body such as the forehead, chin, ears and cheeks may also be affected. This condition starts with a long lasting erythema. Vessels become more visible and extensive. Pustules and papules form and the disease may become more inveterate. Unfortunately, some people relate rosacea and rhinophyma with alcohol but, a lot of patients who have rosacea never drink alcohol. There are treatments for Phymatous rosacea but these treatments will depend upon the severity associated with each individual's condition. Doctors have yet to find a cure for rosacea but it can be managed effectively through different treatments options.
Symptoms of Phymatous Rosacea:
Symptoms of this condition usually include a thick bumpy texture to the skin and large pores. The most common symptoms of phymatous rosacea is when the skin begins to thicken on the nose (rhinophyma). Other symptoms of phymatous rosacea cause a thickening of the skin on the chin, forehead, ears, and eyelids. People often experience flushing of the skin, pimples, and visible broken blood vessels appear.
Causes of Phymatous Rosacea:
Doctors have not been able to determine the exact cause of rosacea. Scientists and researchers are in agreement regarding one fact, that rosacea is primarily the result of some irregularity or damage in the blood vessels or the affected areas. This damage can be due to repeated exposure to different stimuli. Prolonged and repetitive exposure over a period of time causes the blood vessels in the affected areas to become highly responsive to stimuli, both internal as well as external. The response to stimuli manifests in the form of dilation of the vessels, and this dilation is what causes the flushing or the redness. Over a period of time if left untreated, the period of dilation increases, and after a while, these vessels remain permanently dilated, thereby leading to the condition of permanent reddening of the affected areas.
Treatments for Phymatous Rosacea:
There is no cure for this condition, but treatment is focused on managing and decreasing the patient's symptoms. The most common type of treatment used for this condition are a isotretinoin topical application and surgical correction of thickening skin.
Rosacea Subtype 3 (Enlargement of the Nose)